‘Abduh, Muhammed. The Theology of Ishaq Musa’ad and Kenneth Cragg. London:Allen & Unwin. Ahmad, Mumtaz. “Islamic. The treatise Risālat al-tawḥīd (The Theology of Unity)1 by the Egyptian scholar and intellectual Muḥammad ʿAbduh (–)2 is a modern classic. The! Theology \ of. Unity Muhammad I Abduh Translated from tile Arabic by. This is a volume in the Books for Libraries collection. Islzaq MUSCl’ ad and Kenneth.

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The Theology of Unity

Egyptian scholar, journalist, theologian, jurist, grand mufti, and reformer, regarded as an architect of Islamic modernism. Educated at al-Azhar University.

Adherent of thellogy Shadhili Sufi order, although he later renounced his Sufi background. Disciple of Jamal al-Din al-Afghani d.

Supported pan-Islamism and political activism.

The Theology Of Unity by Muhammad Abduh

Edited the journal Al-urwah al-wuthqa The strongest bond in the s. Knity returning to Cairo, focused thoughts and efforts on education and the renewal of Islamic theology. Strove to emancipate Muslims from the mentality of taqlid adherence to tradition while retaining Islamic authenticity.


Taught that reason and revelation are inherently compatible and harmonious. Most popular work was Risalat al-tawhid The theology of unitywhich asserts belief in God as a rational act and the need for rational analysis of revelation.

Declared that any reluctance to apply rationality to social issues or refuse its scientific fruits was a disavowal of divine creation, constituting shirk associationism. Bitterly opposed by some academics and legal scholars. Ideas found continuing expression through the journals Al-manarpublished by his disciple Unjty Rashid Rida d.

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Arberry, first published ; The Qur’an, translated by M. Subscriber Services Contact Us Help. The Oxford Dictionary of Islam Covers the religious, political, and social spheres of global Islam in the modern world.

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