KARDINER, ABRAM (–), U.S. psychoanalyst. Born and educated in New York City, Kardiner studied with *Freud from to In he was. Dr. Abram Kardiner, a leading American psychoanalyst who was one of the last living persons to have been analyzed by Sigmund Freud, died. Abram Kardiner’s 13 research works with citations and reads, including: The Mark of Oppression: Exploration in the Personality of the American Negro.
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Kardiner was deeply interested in cross-cultural diagnosis and the psychoanalytic study of culture. For more guidance, see Wikipedia: This article about an American scientist is a stub.
Kardiner is best known in anthropology for his concepts of basic personality structure and projective systems.
Linton was introduced to Kardiner by the psychologist Abraham Maslow, who was a participant in the seminar and a former student of Linton.
He was particularly interested in the psychological adaptation of the ego to war, karidner, oppression, and culture. Date and year link. Kardiner sought to demonstrate the applicability of his BPS theory to modern, complex American society with the publication in of The Mark of Oppression: Abram Kardiner was a psychiatrist and pioneering psychoanalyst who made major contributions to psychological and psychoanalytic anthropology as well as kadiner his own professions.
,ardiner standard practice was for an anthropologist to describe a culture; Kardiner would then analyze it in terms of his neo-Freudian ego psychology. Inthe director, Sandor Rado, asked Kardiner to develop a course on the application of psychoanalysis to the study of culture.
Content in this edit is translated from the existing German Wikipedia article at [[: Download our mobile app for on-the-go access to the Jewish Virtual Library.
Views Read Edit View history. Basically, Kardiner posited a congruence between childhood experiences and ,ardiner culture, mediated by the BPS, the same kind of congruity that Freud identified between parents and gods in The Future of an Illusion.
This BPS included unconscious conflicts and anxieties that motivated behavior. The Traumatic Neuroses of War. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary by providing an interlanguage link to the abra of your translation. May Click [show] for important translation instructions.
The first session had only two students, but the seminar eventually grew to a hundred and included many distinguished anthropologists. Medal of Freedom Recipients. Ralph Linton came to Columbia in to replace Boas as chair of the anthropology department. Kardiner saw the results as confirmation of his theory of a shared personality.
He divided culture into primary institutions, which generated the BPS, and secondary institutions, which were expressions of the BPS. In he was appointed clinical professor of psychiatry at Columbia University and in director of the psychoanalytic clinic. This study involved four years of intensive research with 25 individuals, and it identified common personality dynamics that African Americans had developed, according to Kardiner, to cope with discrimination.
His last book was My Analysis with Freud: He conducted joint seminars at Columbia University on the interplay of individual personality and culture in diverse societies.
A model attribution edit summary using German: You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. Kardiner is now credited with defining posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD.
Exact name of German article]]; see its history for attribution. This abra may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in French.
Cora DuBois was a postdoctoral student studying with Kardiner in The primary institutions included older, more stable elements of a culture such as technology, economics, family structure, and child-training practices, while the secondary institutions included religion, ritual, folklore, mythology, taboos, and art. From his conclusions he established how groups in any culture would react to similar social frustration.
Kardiner postulated the existence of a basic personality structure BPS personality traits shared by members of a society as a result of common early experiences. Kardiner’s theoretical procedure involved analyses of the social frustration of adult neurotics and “normal” individuals within the Western culture. In recognition of his role as a renowned pioneer in the application of psychoanalysis to the study of culture, the APM established the Abram Kardiner Lectureship on Psychoanalysis and Culture in It was from these cultural institutions, therefore, that the basic personality expected in the culture could be inferred.
He is most famously known for authoring The Traumatic Neuroses of War available for downloadseen by many modern researchers and clinicians as a seminal work on combat related psychological trauma. Manson, The Psychodynamics of Culture: The basic personality expressed itself unconsciously in secondary institutions such as folklore, art, and religion.
Abram Kardiner | American scholar |
Kardiner was born in in New York City. Various patterns of child rearing, the biography of adult behavior, and institutional structure were subjected to psychodynamic analysis. Kardiner, and those following his kardienr, believed aram possible to elicit a “basic personality structure” — a set of trends entering into the characters of all individuals reared in the same culture.
While teaching at Columbia, he developed a course on the application of psychoanalysis to the study of culture and worked closely with Anthropologists throughout his career. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality.
But in her classic ethnography, The People of Alorwhich included chapters and sections by Kardiner, DuBois replaced the concept of basic personality with modal personality, referring to central tendencies in the personalities of members of a society that are not kardineg shared by all.
After the war, Linton left Columbia, and Kardiner moved his seminar to the sociology department.