Our ARINC Protocol Training covers the ARINC standard, its implementation, as well as comparisons with standard IEEE Ethernet. Hands‐on lab. The latest ARINC data bus specification is known as ARINC This bus standard is based on an Airbus Industries proprietary data bus known as AFDX. Avionics Full Duplex Ethernet and the Time Sensitive Networking Standard. 2. Topics. Presented by. SECTION 2. ✓ AFDX® Detailed.

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There is no specified limit to the number of virtual links that can be handled by each end system, although this will be determined by the BAG rates and maximum frame size specified for each VL versus the Ethernet data rate.

AFDX extends standard Ethernet to provide high data integrity and deterministic timing. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. However, some features of a real AFDX switch may be missing, such as traffic policing and redundancy functions. Also sub-virtual links do not provide guaranteed bandwidth or latency due to the buffering, but AFDX specifies that latency is measured from the traffic regulator function anyway.

This ADN operates without the use of a bus controller thereby increasing the reliability of the network architecture. The switch must also be non-blocking at the data rates that are specified by the system integrator, and in practice this may mean that the switch shall have a switching capacity that is the sum of all of its physical ports. Multiple switches can be bridged together in a cascaded star topology. In addition, AFDX can provide quality of service and dual link redundancy.

Bi-directional communications must therefore require the specification of a complementary VL. It specifies interoperable functional elements at the following OSI reference model layers:.

AFDX was designed as the next-generation aircraft data network. Avionics Full-Duplex Switched Ethernet AFDX is a data network, patented by international aircraft manufacturer Airbus[1] for safety-critical applications that utilizes dedicated bandwidth while providing deterministic quality of service QoS.


Avionics Full-Duplex Switched Ethernet – Wikipedia

AFDX was developed by Airbus Industries for the A, [3] initially to address real-time issues for flight-by-wire system development. Also the switch, having a VL wtandard table loaded, can reject any erroneous data transmission that may otherwise swamp other branches of the network. However, the number sub-VLs that may be created in a single virtual link is limited to four. ARINC utilizes a unidirectional bus with a single transmitter and up to twenty receivers. Basing on standards from the IEEE AgustaWestland asserts its independence in the cockpit”.

This type of network can significantly reduce wire runs and, thus, the overall weight of the aircraft. This is the maximum rate data can be sent, and it is guaranteed to be sent at that interval.

Webarchive template wayback links CS1 maint: Through the use of twisted pair or fiber optic cables, full-duplex Ethernet uses two separate pairs or strands for transmitting and receiving the data.

The six primary aspects of an AFDX data network sfandard full duplexredundancy, determinism, high speed performance, switched and profiled network. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market. Further a redundant pair of networks is used to improve the system integrity although a virtual link may be configured to use one or the other network only.

A data word consists of 32 bits communicated over a twisted pair cable using the bipolar return-to-zero modulation. Therefore, in a network with multiple switches cascaded star topologythe total number of virtual links is nearly limitless.

Airbus and Rockwell Collins: Sub-virtual links are assigned to a particular virtual link. However, total bandwidth cannot exceed the maximum available bandwidth on the network. The network is designed in such a way that all critical traffic is prioritized using QoS policies so delivery, latency, and jitter are all guaranteed to be within set parameters.


Virtual links are unidirectional logic paths from the source end-system to all of the destination end-systems.

Retrieved May 28, The architecture adopted by AgustaWestland is centered around the AFDX data network developed for the latest commercial airliners. Many commercial aircraft use the ARINC standard developed in for safety-critical applications.

The switches are designed to route an incoming frame from one, and only one, end system to a predetermined set of end systems. Ethernet family of local area network technologies.


There are two speeds of transmission: ARINC operates in such a way that its single transmitter communicates in a point-to-point connection, thus requiring a significant 66 of wiring which amounts to added weight.

Standqrd virtual link is allocated dedicated bandwidth [sum of all VL bandwidth allocation gap BAG rates x MTU] with the total amount of bandwidth defined by the system integrator. There can be one or more receiving end systems connected within each virtual link.

A similar implementation [ clarify ] of deterministic Ethernet is used on the Boeing Dreamliner.

CS1 – FPGA with Integrated AFDX/ARINC-664

Additionally, there can be sub-virtual links sub-VLs that are designed to carry less critical data. Each VL is frozen in specification to ensure that the network has a designed maximum traffic, hence determinism. Archived copy as title All Wikipedia articles needing clarification Wikipedia articles needing clarification from September The drawback is that it requires custom hardware which can add significant cost to the aircraft. Retrieved from ” https: