March Notes on the Antisymmetry of Syntax. Bernhard Rohrbacher. University of Pennsylvania. Follow this and additional works at. syntax came into its own as a tool for investigating and explaining typological variation 2″Antisymmetry and Japanese” () English Linguistics, syntax has no tools that can be used to analyze linear asymmetries (see . closer to answering the questions raised by Kayne’s antisymmetry.

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A study of phrase structure. Views Read Edit View history. Kayne tries to find the most plausible movement rules.

Left- and right-branching structures are illustrated with the trees that follow. An attempt to provide evidence for Kayne’s scheme is made by Lin, [19] who considered Standard Chinese sentences with the sentence-final particle le.

The idea of probes and goals in syntax is that a head acts as a probe and looks for a rhe, namely its complement.

We therefore predict a seemingly obscure relationship between surface word order and the possibility of antiwymmetry.

Adjunction of a head to a nonhead is systematically unavailable.

For instance, the critics of the strictly binary branching structures charge that the strict binarity is motivated more by a desire for theoretical purity than by empirical observation. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Moreover, sytax principle must suffice to establish a complete and consistent ordering of all terminal nodes — if it cannot consistently order all of the terminal nodes in a tree, the tree is illicit. In arguing for a universal underlying Head-Complement order, Kayne uses the concept of a probe-goal search based on the Minimalist program.


The specifier, at first internal to the complement, is moved to the unoccupied position to the left of the head. Chapter 6 deals with coordination. Result clauses are represented in terms of LF raising of some sentential elements, for example “so”. Languages Simple English Edit links.

The combination of left- and right-branching is now completely visible in both the constituency- and dependency-based trees. All of these positions bear the point of symmetry which can be broken in two ways: But the word order variations of natural antisymmrtry must be expressed.

Grammar Linguistic typology Word order. In Chapter 1, “Introduction and Proposal”, R. The linear ordering of terminals is transitive, total, and antisymmetric. Kayne considers adjunction as an operation involving heads, nonheads, clitics, specifiers, and formulates rules about what can be adjoined to what, in how many and knaye kind of steps.

Kayne takes the locally linear relation of asymmetric c-command of nonterminals “to be the one that is closely matched to the linear ordering of the set of terminals. Snytax considerations obey the basic statement that right-adjunction is forbidden.

LINGUIST List 6.1651

A Theory of the Morphology-Syntax Interface. Journal of Language Researches. Structures in different languages, including the so called head-final languages, are derived in such a way that this generalization is preserved. Accordingly, any merger of DP and VP leads to a point of symmetry; provided that, that DP plays the role of the subject of the whole phrase.


Kahye this sense dominance becomes locally total and consequently, a locally linear ordering. The LCA is the central statement in the monograph, it is the basis for all syntactic representations in the rest of the chapters. Takita briefly applies the same tests to Turkish, another seemingly head-final language, and finds similar results.

Branching (linguistics) – Wikipedia

The following trees illustrate phrases that combine both antieymmetry of branching:. If Japanese were underlyingly head-initial, b should not be grammatical because it allows yhe extraction of an element VP2 from the moved complement CP2.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Kayne suggests that in Japanese, the whole of the clause apart from the question particle in C has moved to the [Spec,CP] position. Word order is extremely abstract and fixed, thus the main goal of the author is achieved: